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Majors & Minors

The Environmental Studies Program offers one interdisciplinary major and two interdisciplinary minors

Environmental Analysis Major

Our Environmental Analysis Major is a flexible, 49-credit major that focuses on developing critical skills and competencies in interdisciplinary environmental problem-solving. It is designed to prepare students to real world environmental problem solving by providing breadth and depth across environmental humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences, as well as deep and interdisciplinary training in analysis, problem solving, communication, and community engagement. It is ideal for students seeking interdisciplinary training focused on the environment and sustainability and is designed to stand alone or complement another primary major.

One interdisciplinary environmental capstone course (Choose 1)

One 1-credit Fourth-Year Reflection Seminar

This is a one-credit seminar to be taken during spring of the last semester (or second to last semester for December graduates), the purpose of which is to create a written narrative portfolio synthesizing, integrating, and reflecting on learning across courses and experiences in the major. Reflection will occur through personal writing and discussion with peers in the course.

ENST 492: Environmental Studies Fourth Year Reflection Seminor


Breadth/Depth Electives

Students will choose depth and breadth elective courses from the three categories below (Social Science, Humanities and Arts, Natural Science). Students must choose 7 elective courses with at least 4 courses from one category and at least 1 course in each of the other two categories. This means that students can choose a 5/1/1 combination or a 4/2/1 combination from the elective categories. The following flexibility is allowed regarding substitutions: Students may count a fifth analysis and communication course toward the depth electives; Students may count a second capstone course toward the depth electives; students may request one course substitution outside of the electives listed below to take advantage of unique one-time or rarely offered courses. To complete any major, the College of Arts and Sciences requires that students must complete no fewer than 18 units of courses numbered 300 or above within the major with a grade of C-or better. There is no doubling count of advanced classes (300-and 400-level) between two majors or a major and a minor. The rule of ‘no double-counting of upper-level units’ also applies to students who are double majoring across schools.

Social Science (SSC)

AMCS 227: Topics in Native American Studies: Introduction to Native American and Indigenous Studies

AMCS 299: The Study of Cities and Metropolitan America

ANTHRO 3102: Topics: Sustainability in Extraactive Communities

ANTHRO 3215: Food, Culture, and Power

ANTHRO 3472: Global Energy and the American Dream

ANTHRO 3602: Environmental Inequality: Toxicity, Health, and Justice

ANTHRO 361: Culture and Environment

ANTHRO 374: Social Landscapes in Global View

ANTHRO 379: Meltdown: The Archaeology of Climate Change

ANTHRO 4281: Ecological Anthropology

ECON 451: Environmental Policy

ENST 255: Systems Thinking

ENST 3060: Community-based Conservation in Madagascar

ENST 310: Ecological Economics

ENST 316: Beyond the Evidence

ENST 346: Environmental Justice

ENST 347: Sustainable Cities

ENST 4527: IPCC: Governance, Policy and Science

ENST 461: Intro to Environmental Law

ENST 481: Advanced GIS

ENST 482: Applications in Geospatial Intelligence

ENST 4995: Foundations of Research: Building a Literature Review

MGT 450R: Business & Governance: Understanding and influencing the Regulatory Env.

MGT 460L: Introduction to Social Entrepreneurship 

MPH 5002: Epidemiology *

MPH 5323: TPS: Climate Change and Public Health *

POLSCI 332B: Energy Politics

POLSCI 363: Quantitative Political Methodology

POLSCI 3760: Urbanization, globalization, and the environment

POLSCI 389A: Power, Justice, and the City

POLSCI 4043: Policy Analysis, Assessment and Practical Wisdom

POLSCI 495: Research Design and Methods

SOC 3350: Poverty and the New American City

SOC 4810: Global Structures and Problems

* Students should request permission from the instructor to enroll in these courses.


Interdisciplinary Environmental Analysis Minor

  • Deep training: Courses in analysis, critical thinking, and problem-solving
  • Accessible: Most courses do not have pre-requisites
  • Application and problem solving: Opportunities for interdisciplinary, collaborative, project-based, and community-engaged learning
  • Audience: Pairs well with disciplinary-based majors to provide interdisciplinary, applied experiences that can be leveraged for career and job preparation

Our Environmental Analysis Minor is an 18-credit minor that includes deep training in analysis, critical thinking, and problem-solving. The coursework includes opportunities for interdisciplinary, collaborative, project-based, and community-engaged learning. It is designed to pair well with disciplinary-based majors to provide interdisciplinary, applied experiences that can be leveraged for career and job preparation. Most courses do not have pre-requisites. Courses that appear as options in multiple sections may only be taken for credit toward one section of the minor.

One Advanced Elective in Social Science and Humanities

*Pre-reqs: ECON 451 (ECON 1011); ENST 481 (ENST 380)

Approved for students who entered Spring 2020 or before

  • HIST 3068: Human History of Climate Change
  • POL SCI 340: Topics in Politics: Environmental Justice
  • POL SCI 3752: Topics in American Politics: Globalization, Urbanization, & the Environment
  • POL SCI 4043: Public Policy Analysis Assessment and Practical Wisdom


EnSt Minor (available to students who enter WU in FL21 and beyond)

  • Exposure: Includes introductory-level courses and a sampling of electives across disciplines
  • Accessible: Includes introductory courses and wide degree of choice of electives
  • Flexible: Wide degree of choice of electives so you can tailor to your interests
  • Audience: Pairs easily with many majors to provide interdisciplinary exposure

Our Environmental Studies Minor is a flexible, 18-credit option that includes introductory and upper level courses, allowing students to explore environmental courses across a range of disciplines that complement your major and personal areas of interest. Students must have at least 9 units of 300+ coursework unique to this minor.

Electives (choose four classes, one each from a different category)

Social Science (choose 1)

EnSt Minor (available to students who entered WUSTL prior to FL21)

  • Exposure: Includes introductory-level courses
  • Accessible: because it includes introductory courses
  • Flexible: Wide degree of choice in elective categories
  • Pairs easily with many majors to provide interdisciplinary exposure
  • Note: if a student has a major and a minor, the upper-level (300+) units for the major and minor must be independent of one another. (The minor must have 12 units independent of any other major.)

Required Courses

* Students can take EPSC 201 or EPSC 202

In addition to the required introductory courses, students must take at least 9 units of elective courses at the 300 level or above, one from each of the three categories below. Students may bring up to six units total from a Washington University approved summer or semester program when equivalent to electives below. The minor must have 12 units independent of any other major. Students who are majors in Environmental Biology or Environmental Earth Science may substitute the advanced science course required by taking an additional advanced political science, law, ethics or anthropology course. Students who are majors in Environmental Policy may substitute the advanced political science or law course required by taking an additional advanced science course.

Other pre-approved substitutions

Courses that are offered less frequently or have more pre-requisites but that are pre-approved substitutions for these requirement categories include:

Advanced science:

Advance political science or law:

Advanced anthropology or ethics: