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Academic Requirements & Details

Environmental Analysis Major

The major in Environmental Analysis is a 49-credit, flexible program of study that focuses on developing critical skills and competencies on interdisciplinary environmental work. The major is ideal for students seeking an interdisciplinary major focused on the environment and sustainability to stand alone, or to complement a primary major in the natural or social sciences or humanities.

One 1-credit Fourth-Year Reflection Seminar

This is a one-credit seminar to be taken during the fourth year, the purpose of which is to create a written narrative portfolio synthesizing, integrating, and reflecting on learning across courses and experiences in the major. Reflection will occur through personal writing and discussion with peers in the course.

ENST 492: Environmental Studies Fourth Year Reflection Seminor


Breadth/Depth Electives

Students will choose depth and breadth elective courses from the three categories below (Social Science, Humanities and Arts, Natural Science). Students must choose 7 elective courses with at least 4 courses from one category and at least 1 course in each of the other two categories. This means that students can choose a 5/1/1 combination or a 4/2/1 combination from the elective categories. If desired, a student may choose as their 7th elective a course from the “Required core courses in analysis and communication” section of the major.  To complete any major, the College of Arts and Sciences requires that students must complete no fewer than 18 units of courses numbered 300 or above within the major with a grade of C-or better. There is no doubling count of advanced classes (300-and 400-level) between two majors or a major and a minor. The rule of ‘no double-counting of upper-level units’ also applies to studentswho aredouble majoring across schools.

Social Science (SSC)

AMCS 299: The Study of Cities and Metropolitan America (Every Fall)

ANTHRO 3608: Caribbean Island Vulnerabilities: Puerto Rico (Every Spring)

ANTHRO 361: Culture and Environment (Every Fall)

ANTHRO 3613: Follow the Thing: Global Commodities & Environment (Every Fall)

ANTHRO 360: Placemaking St. Louis (Every Spring)

ECON 451: Environmental Policy (Every Fall)

ENST 310: Ecological Economics (Every Year)

ENST 316: Beyond the Evidence (Every Spring)

ENST 340: Energy Governance in Israel and the Middle East (Every Spring)

ENST 341: International Energy Politics (Every Fall)

ENST 346: Environmental Justice (Every Spring)

ENST 347: Sustainable Cities (Every Fall)

ENST 461: Intro to Environmental Law (Every Fall)

MGT 402: Ethical Issues in Managerial Decision Making (Every Semester)

MGT 401M: Sustainable Devel & Cons Through Entrepreneurial Collaboration: Madagascar (Every Spring)

MGT 460L: Introduction to Social Entrepreneurship (Every Fall)

MGT 460M: Social Impact: Planning, Measuring and Building (Every Spring)

MPH 5002: Epidemiology (Every Summer and Fall) *

MPH 5323: TPS: Climate Change and Public Health (Variable Falls) *

POLSCI 363: Quantitative Political Methodology (Every Fall)

POLSCI 389A: Power, Justice, and the City (Every 2-3 years)

POLSCI 495: Research Design and Methods (Every Semester)

SOC 3350: Poverty and the New American City (Every Fall)

SOC 4810: Global Structures and Problems (Every third semester)

SOC 3510: Social Determinants of Health and Health Disparities in the US (Every third semester)

* If classroom space allows after graduate student enrollment, permission for undergraduate enrollment may be granted at the discretion of the faculty instructor. Please contact faculty instructor for permission.

Interdisciplinary Environmental Analysis Minor

  • Deep training: Courses in analysis, critical thinking, and problem-solving
  • Accessible: Most courses do not have pre-requisites*
  • Application and problem solving: Many opportunities for interdisciplinary, collaborative, project-based, and community-engaged learning
  • Pairs well with disciplinary-based majors to provide interdisciplinary, applied experiences that can be leveraged for career and job preparation

This minor was developed to prepare students to tackle real-world environmental challenges by providing more robust opportunities for interdisciplinary knowledge and skill development. The minor is structured to provide students with opportunities to strengthen their critical analysis and problem-solving skills through participation in team-based, experiential, often community-engaged learning around “wicked” real-world problems. Most courses do not have pre-requisites*

Required Courses (Choose 3)

One Interdisciplinary Environmental Capstone Course

One Advanced Elective in Natural Science

*Pre-reqs: ENST 481 (ENST 380); EPSC 454 (EPSC 201)

One Advanced Elective in Social Science and Humanities

*Pre-reqs: ECON 451 (ECON 1011)

Approved for students who entered Spring 2020 or before

  • HIST 3068: Human History of Climate Change
  • POL SCI 340: Topics in Politics: Environmental Justice
  • POL SCI 3752: Topics in American Politics: Globalization, Urbanization, & the Environment
  • POL SCI 4043: Public Policy Analysis Assessment and Practical Wisdom


EnSt Minor (available to students who enter WU in FL21 and beyond)

Required core introductory courses (choose two classes)

      * A student may take EPSC 201 OR EPSC 219 but not both for the minor

Electives (choose four classes, one each from a different category)

EnSt Minor (available to students who entered WUSTL prior to FL21)

  • Exposure: Includes introductory-level courses
  • Accessible: because it includes introductory courses
  • Flexible: Wide degree of choice in elective categories
  • Pairs easily with many majors to provide interdisciplinary exposure
  • Note: if a student has a major and a minor, the upper-level (300+) units for the major and minor must be independent of one another. (The minor must have 12 units independent of any other major.)

Required Courses

In addition to the required introductory courses, students must take at least 9 units of elective courses at the 300 level or above, one from each of the three categories below. Students may bring up to six units total from a Washington University approved summer or semester program when equivalent to electives below. The minor must have 12 units independent of any other major. Students who are majors in Environmental Biology or Environmental Earth Science may substitute the advanced science course required by taking an additional advanced political science, law, ethics or anthropology course. Students who are majors in Environmental Policy may substitute the advanced political science or law course required by taking an additional advanced science course.

Other pre-approved substitutions

Courses that are offered less frequently or have more pre-requisites but that are pre-approved substitutions for these requirement categories include:

Advanced science:

Advance political science or law:

Advanced anthropology or ethics: